A 13 year old, female spayed, mixed breed dog was presented to AcaseAweek Clinic with history of collapse, depression, lethargy and vomiting 3 times the night before presentation. The patient had been anorexic for the past 2 days and appeared healthy previously. The patient lives mostly inside and her owner reported no possibility of accidental ingestion of foreign body or chemicals. Her vaccination status is current and she is on heartworm preventative. She was treated for Ehrlichiosis with doxycycline two months back.
What will be your tentative and differential diagnosis?
Remarkable weight loss and muscle atrophy.
MM: pale pink
CRT> 2 sec
Cardiovascular: murmur, cardiac arrhythmia, pulse deficit.
Respiratory: lungs sound clear
Abdomen: distended, positive succession, moderately painful
PCV: 23% [37-55]
WBC: 28.9 x103/μL [6-16.9]
Mature Neutrophils: 26.3 x103/μL [3.3-12]
Band Neutrophils: 0.6 x103/μL
Lymphocytes: 0.3 x103/μL
NRBC: 0.9 x103/μL
Smear: Platelets: 1-4/hpf
RBC morph: marked polychromasia, moderate anisocytosis
ALKP: 267 U/L [23-212]
ALT: 164 U/L [10-100]
AMYL: 2490 U/L [500-1500]
BUN: 130 mg/dL [7-27]
CREA: 6.1 mg/dL [0.5-1.8]
PHOS: >16.1 mg/dL [2.5-6.8]
TBIL: 1.4 mg/dL [0-0.9]
Abdominocentesis:10 mL fluid was withdrawn.
Abdominal Fluid Analysis/Cytology:
Protein: 7.2 g/dL
Smear: many RBCs, neutrophils and macrophages, moderate lymphocytes, almost no platelets seen, few reactive mesothelial cells.
What further diagnostic test(s) you will perform to confirm your diagnosis?
What will be your treatment plan(s)?
Solution to this case